If you’re new to ‘going global’, working with a local partner can be a good way to get started.
Teaming up with a business that already has feet on the ground can bring huge gains. Whereas your business probably has specialist expertise in a particular field or technology, your partner will have deep local knowledge and a nuanced understanding of ‘how things work around here’.
If you get it right, this kind of alliance can turbocharge your entry into a new country. Your partner gets the benefit of your expertise, and you get to leverage their connections, distribution networks, and brand, drastically shortening the time it takes to penetrate the market, and helping you avoid rookie mistakes.
Unfortunately, most companies don’t get it right when it comes to partnerships and alliances. According to Boston Consulting Group, more than 2000 strategic alliances and partnerships are launched worldwide each year (between big players) and this number is growing at around 15% annually. But more than half of all strategic partnerships fail, a third of companies that take part in alliances struggle with them and only 9% consistently build alliances well.
Here are some of the common mistakes and problems that crop up with strategic alliances:
The result? Things get messy, and the price is high. A Harvard Business School / Accenture study found that the 15 most successful alliances added $72 billion in shareholder revenue over two years, while the same number of failed alliances cost companies $43 billion.
So, how do you find and engage great local partners? Just like in the personal sphere, a great international partnership (or any business partnership for that matter) is all about building a relationship where everyone’s needs are being met.
This is a massive topic and I can only scratch the surface in this article, but I’d like to share my five top tips for starting the process of creating a great international partnership.
Step #1 – Understand why you want a partner
You can’t build a successful alliance if you don’t know why you’re partnering in the first place.
Understanding the problem you need to solve and the potential benefits that any partnership could bring to your clients and your company in the new market you’re targeting are the first step in the process. You need to be able to clearly answer the questions:
Step #2 – Select partners. Don’t let them select you
The actual task of finding a local partner in a new country can seem extremely daunting, especially when you don’t have many connections there. And it’s no secret that sourcing partners from trade directories or striking up alliances with distributors who ‘discover’ your company at trade fairs can have very mixed results.
It’s often tempting to work with people who approach you and really want to work with you, especially if you don’t have a lot of alternatives. But here’s the truth: the most eager potential partners may be precisely the wrong people to work with, because it’s frequently the case that the arrangement serves their interests better than it serves yours.
So when an agent or distributor you meet at a trade show tells you how much they love your product and how keen they are to take it on, stand back and do your analysis. Make sure that the partnership is one that will really serve your interests before you sign up. The take-home message here? ‘Select partners. Don’t let them select you.
Step #3 – Tap the network and do your research
“That’s all very well”, you say, “but how am I supposed to find a trusted local partner when I’m new in-country? I hardly know anyone”.
This is the time to tap the network. You may not know many people, but you probably know a few. Ask colleagues in-country for recommendations about organisations you could potentially partner with. Call your national or state trade representative and ask their advice about reputable firms that you could approach. Get involved with bi-lateral business chambers and industry associations and see who you can meet through those avenues.
As well as asking around, you should also do your own research. Investigate which of the firms you might want to partner with have a reputation for great service and ethical dealing.
Step #4 – Analyse your potential partner
Once you start to explore a particular relationship, make sure you analyse and do due diligence on your potential partner.
Start building the case for (or against) the partnership by asking (or revisiting) questions like:
Skip this step at your own peril! It is harder to do due diligence on a potential partner who is located in another country, but it’s worth the effort. I cannot overstate how important it is to do due diligence on people and companies that you intend to partner with overseas.
It can be difficult to assess who you’re jumping into bed with, especially in a foreign country, (because in small, expatriate communities people often won’t tell you explicitly if someone has a bad reputation), but hooking up with the wrong partners can have catastrophic financial and reputational consequences for your business in that market.
Step #5 – Start with a framework
One you’ve found a potential partner and both sides have agreed that the partnership is a possibility, you’re ready to explore a potential alliance.
Before you sit down to negotiate the deal, it’s vital to set the stage for a collaborative relationship. A good way to do this is to create a framework that spells out in detail what the potential partnership will entail so that the parties can work out whether a relationship is mutually beneficial and, if it is, how the partnership should operate. You can do this by answering big-picture questions such as: